The outbreak of diseases occurs at different levels. The way they occur determines how seriously they are taken and how they are categorized. For instance, there are many types of diseases in the world today, with most being managed properly and not posing a serious risk to the world. There are several modes through which diseases can be transmitted, hence, the presence of air-borne diseases and water-borne diseases among others.

The way the disease spreads and how they can be contracted goes a long way to determine if it is a serious risk to the world or not. Furthermore, the availability of vaccines and medications as well as the chances of survival are also very crucial factors in determining if it is a high-risk disease or not.

The outbreak of disease becomes an epidemic when a significant population of a particular village, town, city, or country have already contracted the disease. By the time several countries or continents are already affected, it becomes a pandemic.


A novel virus that was seen for the first time on 31 December 2019, suddenly became a major issue in the world, by 31 March 2019. Within 3 months of its discovery, the virus had already spread to virtually every country of the world and had killed hundreds of thousands of people. Even though the disease was believed not to be air-borne, which could have been worst, it was still extremely easy to contract it when you are close to an infected person. All that was needed was for an infected fluid from the mouth or nose of an infected person to get into your mouth, nose or eyes. Since we talk to each other frequently at proximity and saliva somehow jumps out of our mouths regularly onto the body of other people around us as well as regularly sneezing, touching the mouth and nose with hands that we use to shake other people, give them things and rub on surfaces the other people also rub, it was not difficult to determine why the pandemic became a big deal.

One of the measures that were believed to be the best to curb the virus was the enforcement of lockdown where people had to stay at home while they were encouraged to maintain social distancing as much as possible. Saying interstate and international travels were banned is going too far as people were not allowed to even leave their houses to locations close to them except for groceries and emergencies. Hence, it is clear that moving around during a pandemic, especially those that spread easily by meeting people and touching infected places is not advisable.

If your journey is one that can be postponed or that is not too important, it will be best to just stay back and be patient till the pandemic has been curbed. Then you will have a lot of time to plenty without worrying about contracting a pandemic, especially a very deadly one.

However, if you need to travel and you are not within the high-risk group, you should travel and ensure that you abide by every protocol that has been provided to protect yourself from the virus. If you are going to use the services of a travel company, you should read the travel companies’ reviews on to know which companies are safe for you to travel with. You should observe social distancing as much as possible, wear your face mask properly anytime you are outside and sanitize your hand regularly.